Prohibiting Time and Price Discretion – A Case Study of Dominic Joseph Carlo

Prohibiting Time and Price Discretion – A Case Study of Dominic Joseph Carlo


The Financial Industry Regulatory Authority (FINRA) is a self-regulatory organization that oversees the conduct of broker-dealers and their associated persons. One of the key principles that FINRA enforces is the prohibition of time and price discretion in customer accounts. In this article, we will delve into the specifics of this rule and its implications by using a real-life example involving Dominic Joseph Carlo, a financial professional based in North Bellmore, New York.

The Case of Dominic Joseph Carlo

On July 5, 2023, FINRA issued an Acceptance, Waiver, and Consent (AWC) in the case of Dominic Joseph Carlo, a registered representative with CRD #2731304. Carlo was fined $2,500 and suspended from association with any FINRA member for 10 business days. The underlying issue in this case was Carlo’s exercise of discretion with respect to transactions involving customers without the necessary prior written authorization, a violation of FINRA rules.

Understanding Discretion in Financial Transactions

Before delving deeper into the specifics of Carlo’s case, it is crucial to understand what discretion means in the context of financial transactions. Time and price discretion, as defined by FINRA, refers to a broker-dealer’s ability to determine the time and/or price at which a customer’s order is executed. This discretion can be beneficial for clients who rely on their financial advisors to make decisions on their behalf. However, it is subject to strict regulatory oversight to protect the interests of investors.

The Rule on Discretion: Prior Written Authorization

FINRA Rule 2510 governs the exercise of discretion by registered representatives in customer accounts. It requires that any exercise of time and price discretion must be authorized in writing by the customer and accepted by the member firm, prior to the transaction taking place. This written authorization ensures that the customer fully understands and consents to the discretion being exercised on their behalf. The rule aims to maintain transparency and accountability in the financial industry.

The Case Against Dominic Joseph Carlo

In the case of Dominic Joseph Carlo, the findings revealed that he had exercised discretion without obtaining the necessary prior written authorization from the customers. The key points of the case are as follows:

  1. Oral or Implicit Authorization: The findings stated that the customers had given Carlo oral or implicit authorization for the transactions. However, oral or implicit authorization alone is not sufficient to comply with FINRA rules. These authorizations must be converted into written form and accepted by the member firm before any discretionary transactions take place.
  2. Inaccurate Compliance Questionnaires: Carlo further exacerbated the situation by completing and submitting compliance questionnaires to the firm that inaccurately stated that he had not exercised discretionary authority in customer accounts. This not only contradicted his actions but also violated the principle of honesty and transparency that is integral to the securities industry.

The Consequences for Carlo

As a result of these violations, Dominic Joseph Carlo faced significant consequences, including a fine of $2,500 and a suspension from association with any FINRA member for 10 business days. The sanctions were imposed through the AWC process, where Carlo neither admitted nor denied the findings but consented to the sanctions.

The Importance of Compliance

Dominic Joseph Carlo’s case serves as a stark reminder of the importance of compliance with FINRA rules and regulations. The prohibition of time and price discretion is in place to protect investors and maintain the integrity of the financial industry. Broker-dealers and their associated persons must adhere to these rules to ensure the trust and confidence of their clients.

The Role of Member Firms

It is also essential to highlight the responsibility of member firms in this context. Member firms play a crucial role in ensuring that their associated persons comply with all applicable FINRA rules. In the case of time and price discretion, it is incumbent upon the member firm to review and approve any written authorizations from customers before permitting their registered representatives to exercise discretion.

Best Practices for Registered Representatives

Registered representatives must follow best practices to avoid regulatory violations and protect the interests of their clients:

  1. Obtain Written Authorization: Always ensure that written authorization is obtained from clients for any time and price discretion in their accounts. This authorization should clearly outline the scope of the discretion and the specific transactions it applies to.
  2. Keep Records: Maintain accurate records of all communications with clients, including those related to discretionary decisions. These records can serve as evidence of the client’s authorization and protect against potential disputes.
  3. Be Truthful and Transparent: Honesty and transparency are paramount in the financial industry. Never misrepresent your actions or provide false information in compliance documents.
  4. Seek Guidance: If you are uncertain about any aspect of FINRA rules or compliance, seek guidance from your member firm’s compliance department or legal counsel.


If you have concerns about your investments, have experienced unauthorized transactions, or have been subject to financial misconduct, it’s essential to seek legal counsel. Protecting your financial interests should always be a top priority.

At Savage Villoch Law, PLLC, we specialize in representing investors who have suffered losses due to financial misconduct and can help you explore your legal options. Contact us today to schedule a free consultation and learn more about how we can assist you in seeking justice and recovering your investments.  Please contact us now at (813) 251-4890 or email Bert Savage or Alfred Villoch directly at or

*Disclaimer: The information provided in this article is for informational purposes only and should not be construed as legal or investment advice. If you have concerns about your investments or financial advisor, it is advisable to consult with a qualified professional.*

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